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Course Code: 
DENT 474
Course Period: 
Course Type: 
Course Language: 
Course Objectives: 
This is a two-semester course intended to provide basic understanding of the pulp treatments for children.
Course Content: 

In this course, pulp treatment and dental pain, indirect and direct pulp therapy for the primary and immature permanent teeth, pulpotomy procedures and pulp therapy in primary teeth, materials used for direct pulp therapy and pulpotomy in primary teeth, apexogenesis and apexification, periodontitis and early periodontal diseases, novel therapy methods for infected immature permanent teeth, vitamins and hormones, dental rehabilitation of children under general anesthesia and sedation, topical fluoride, fissure sealant and remineralization agents, psychological approach to child and behavior management of child in dental treatment will be discussed.

Course Methodology: 
1: Lecture, 2: Question-Answer, 3: Discussion, 4: Presentation, 5:Simulation, 6: Video, 7: Applications, 8:Case Study
Course Evaluation Methods: 
A:Written exam, B: multiple choice , C:Filing the blank D:False and true, E: Oral Exam F: Portfolio, G: Contribution of course activities H:Homework

Vertical Tabs

Course Learning Outcomes


Learning Outcomes  Program learning outcomes Teaching Methods  Assessment Methods 
1) Being able to remove, prevent, and treat carious dental lesions by techniques that strive to maintain pulp vitality and with appropriate materials based on scientific evidence. 1-15 1,2,3,4,7,8 A,B,C,F,G,H
2) Being able to demonstrate the diagnosis and endodontic treatment of healthy, diseased or injured pulp and periradicular tissues in the primary and permanent dentitions. 1-15 1,2,3,4,7,8 A,B,C,F,G,H

Course Flow


Week Topics Study Materials
1 The structure of periodontium Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
2 Local and general factors of gingivitis Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
3 Acute and chronic gingival diseases Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
4 Gingival overgrowth related with certain medications Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
5 Periodontitis and early periodontal diseases Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
6 Periodontitis and early periodontal diseases Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
7 Periodontal diseases as signs and symptoms of systemic diseases Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
8 Intraoral symptoms of infectious diseases Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
9 Chemical and thermal burns related with periodontal tissues  Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
10 Group 1: Novel developments in glass ionomer cements and new approaches Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
11 Group 2: Vitamins: Effects of hypo- and hypervitaminosis on oro-dental system Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
12 Group 3: Hormones: Effects of hypo and hyperactivity of endocrine system on oro-dental system Dental rehabilitation of children under general anaesthesia and sedation Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
13 Group 4: Methods alternative to fluoride for the prevention and control of dental caries in children  Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources
14 Group 5: Contemporary treatment approaches to infected immature young permanent teeth Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources



Weeks Topics Study Materials
1-14 Clinical practice on pediatric dental patients. Preliminary reviewing of recommended sources

Recommended Sources


  1. Pediatric Dentistry: Infancy through Adolescence. Jimmy R. Pinkham Saunders; 5th edition, 2012.
  2. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent, seventh edition, Ralph E. McDonald, David R. Avery, The Mosby Co, 10th edition, 12 nov 2015. 
  3. Pediatric Dentistry: A Clinical Approach, Göran Koch, Sven Poulsen, Munksgaard, Copenhagen; 2 edition, june 22, 2009.
  4. Evert van Amerongen. Case Reports in Pediatric Dentistry. Quintessence Pub Co; 2 edition, july 1, 2015.
Additional Resources
  1. Hand-outs
  2. Clinical manual
  3. AAPD and EAPD guidelines

Material Sharing


Documents Contemporary literature.
Assignments Shareable.
Exams Not shareable.



Midterm  Exam 2 50%
Quiz - -
Final Exam 1 50%
Total   100%
Total   100

Course’s Contribution to Program


No Program Learning Outcomes Contribution
1 2 3 4 5  
1 Adopting a lifelong learning concept, making necessary planning and practice for continuous professional development.         X  
2 Planning and managing teamwork in the practice, taking into consideration patient safety and clinical risk management.         X  
3 Applying ethical principles in all patients and using ethical decision making principles in solving ethical issues.         X  
4 Maintenance of an effective communication with the dental staff and patients.         X  
5 Taking care of the privacy of patient information and keeping and maintaining patient records thoroughly.         X  
6 Using the necessary anamnesis, examination and auxiliary diagnostic methods for the diagnosis of oral and dental diseases and interpreting the relationship between the general health status of the patient and planning of dental treatments.         X  
7 Making a comprehensive treatment planning that includes all preventive measures by taking the protection and maintenance of health as a priority in all dental practices.         X  
8 Planning alternative treatment options and make a collaborative decision with the patient about final treatment planning by informing about the advantages and disadvantages of the plans.         X  
9 Integrating basic medical sciences in clinical sciences and using this information in all procedures of the patient.         X  
10 Making a treatment planning by taking oral health risks of the patient into consideration and referring to a specialist in cases beyond one’s area of expertise.         X  
11 Performing first step health services of the patient with maximum psychomotor skills and using the principles of evidence based dentistry.         X  
12 Establishing communication with pediatric patients considering the stages of mental development and provision of behavioral management.         X  
13 Planning, execution and evaluation of community based programs focused on special groups.         X  
14 Making necessary suggestions in reorganization and areas of national health policies.         X  
15 Following international literature, evaluating publications critically and integration of research results and evidence based dentistry during practice.         X  


Activities Quantity Duration
Course Duration 1st semester (theoretical) 14 1 14
Course Duration 1st semester (practical) 14 2 28
Course Duration 2nd semester (theoretical) 14 1 14
Course Duration 2nd semester (practical) 14 2 28
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 28 1 28
Midterm Exams 2 1 2
Homework 1 10 10
Final 1 1 1
Total Work Load     125
Total Work Load / 25 (h)     5
ECTS Credit of the Course     5